augmentin vs keflex

augmentin vs keflex

The aim of this study was to explore bactericidal activity of total and free serum simulated concentrations after the oral administration of cefditoren (400 mg, twice daily [bid]) versus the oral administration of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid extended release formulation (2,000/125 mg bid) against Haemophilus influenzae. A computerized pharmacodynamic simulation was performed, and colony counts and beta-lactamase activity were determined over 48 h. Three strains were used: ampicillin-susceptible, beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) (also resistant to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid) and beta-lactamase-positive amoxicillin-clavulanic acid-resistant (BLPACR) strains, with cefditoren MICs of or =3 log(10) reduction) was obtained from 6 h on with either total and free cefditoren or amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Against the BLPACR strain, free cefditoren showed bactericidal activity from 8 h on. In amoxicillin-clavulanic acid simulations the increase in colony counts from 4 h on occurred in parallel with the increase in beta-lactamase activity for the BLPACR strain. Since both BLNAR and BLPACR strains exhibited the same MIC, this was due to the significantly lower (P MIC). From a pharmacodynamic point of view, the theoretical amoxicillin T>MIC against strains with elevated ampicillin/amoxicillin-clavulanic acid MICs should be considered with caution since the presence of beta-lactamase inactivates the antibiotic, thus rendering inaccurate theoretical calculations. The experimental bactericidal activity of cefditoren is maintained over the dosing interval regardless of the presence of a mutation in the ftsI gene or beta-lactamase production. augmentin es 600.